Your skin is the first thing people notice about you. Hyperpigmentation, also known as age spots, dark spots, or liver spots, can appear on various areas of your skin, including your face, back, arms, hands, back, and forearms. For many men and women, the accumulation of dark spots on skin can generate feelings of overwhelm and frustration.
CAUSES OF DARK SPOTS ON YOUR SKIN
Although it may seem that dark spots are inevitable within some populations, there are a few individuals who are more likely to get them than others. Let’s examine the common causes of dark spots on the skin.
Past Acne Breakouts
Acne breakouts are notorious for leaving dark spots behind as a result of scarring or residual inflammation. It happens as a result of trauma or skin injury that leaves a broad band of dark spots on the face behind after an episode.
As the skin begins to age, there are subtle changes that begin to occur over time. Wrinkles, loss of elasticity, loss of moisture, and resistance to absorption of essential vitamins and minerals start to happen. Each of these things may contribute to a decrease in vibrancy and skin structure. These changes often start to appear once we cross the threshold of 40.
Your hormones can exacerbate the emergence of dark spots. Progesterone and estrogen are two female sex hormones that have a reputation for triggering the production of excess levels of melanin when exposed to the sun. Also, hormone treatments can cause hyperpigmentation to take place.
Vitamin C Deficiency
Vitamin C deficiency is thought to contribute to the changes we commonly see with our skin, including acne, rosacea, and pigmentation changes. Our bodies depend on vitamin C to aid in creating nitrogen oxides, which help to protect the body from free radicals, allows for skin purification and rejuvenation, and helps to support collagen synthesis.
Too much time in the sun or exposure to ultraviolet light can cause dark spots to occur on your skin. This outcome can occur even with the use of tanning beds.
Medications can contribute to the appearance of dark spots as well due to their ability to desensitize your skin to the sun.
Some medicines that may trigger photosensitivity include:
- Sulfonamides commonly used to treat infections
- Antibiotics such as tetracycline
- Acne medications such as retinoids, benzoyl peroxide, and salicylic acid
- Allergy medications including diphenhydramine
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
Nervous System Disorders
Nervous system disorders can manifest in a variety of symptoms throughout our bodies –including in the form of dark spots. Neurofibromatosis can cause brown spots on the skin and may appear as soft bumps on top of or just below the skin’s surface.
Related: Benefits Of Facial Scrubs.
HOW TO FIX AND PREVENT DARK SPOTS
The power of dark spot prevention may be just at your fingertips. Here are a few things you can do to prevent new dark spots from appearing on your skin. Here are four ways to fix and prevent dark spots.
One of the keys to protecting your skin from getting dark spots on your hands, face, and neck is to shield your skin from the sun. This action may mean reducing your time in the sun or ensuring that you wear SPF on your skin –including your face.
Also, a wide-brim hat, a fancy pair of sunglasses, and a long-sleeve blouse or shirt can be beneficial in helping to keep those rays away from your face.
Exfoliating two to three times a week is useful in not only cleansing your skin but also gets rid of dead skin cells that can distract from otherwise healthy looking skin. Facial scrubs like Elegance Facial Scrub are also useful in helping you to remove dark spots and rejuvenate your skin’s appearance.
Related: How To Remove Blackheads From Nose
3. Use a Toner and Skin Brightener
It may be time to amp up your skin care regimen to treat those dark spots. The Elegance Facial Kit is just one piece of the process. You will want to use products that will not only address the age spots but are safe for use on the skin and gentle enough to remove those age spots. Some procedures can help to eliminate certain forms of dark spots but keep in mind that they will be costly.
4. Eat Purposefully
Facial creams, serums, and cleansers can help to improve discolorations of your skin, but your diet is a unique and natural approach to helping you get rid of dark spots and naturally generate the production of those chemicals necessary for healthy cell production.
Vitamin C for Collagen Synthesis
Eat foods that are rich with vitamin C. Vitamin C contains antioxidant properties that help to protect our bodies from free radicals. Free radicals can cause damage to your body, leading to poor skin quality and potentially chronic illness.
Antioxidants boost the health of your immune system, may lower your risk for cancer and prevent heart disease.
Vitamin C has an essential role in collagen synthesis. Another powerful side effect of vitamin C? It helps to safeguard your skin and also treat ultraviolet ray damage.
Vitamin C consumption can prove useful in healing your skin and reducing signs of inflammation, scarring and yes, dark spots.
Beta carotene is vital for healthy skin and protection against those pesky dark spots. It is an antioxidant that converts into vitamin A, which is not only useful for healthy eyes but a must-have for great skin. Vitamin A stimulates collagen production and can help to reduce wrinkles.
Beta carotene spares our skin from premature aging, cell damage, and improves our retinol levels. Carotenoids can help reflect ultraviolet rays from the sun, which is highly advantageous when trying to avoid too much exposure to these rays. Retinol combined with vitamin C is particularly useful for fading dark spots.
Beta carotene is commonly available in yellow and orange-color fruits such as carrots, sweet potatoes, kale, spinach, apricots, and cantaloupe.
Boosting your consumption of foods that contain lycopene can help to reduce wrinkles and hyperpigmentation. Lycopene contains phytochemicals that can support your quest to remove skin-aging radicals that may result from too much time in the sun.
Foods that contain lycopene include tomatoes, pink grapefruit, carrots, red cabbage guava, watermelon, papaya, and asparagus.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Omega-3 fatty acids may have a reputation for improving heart health, but these healthy fats can also give your skin a more vibrant appearance.
The best sources of omega-3 fatty acids include tuna, salmon, edamame, chia seeds, canola oil, flaxseed, and walnuts.
In summary, dark spots are the result of a variety of factors, but too much time in the sun for your skin may help to exacerbate this condition. You can take control of the health of your skin by incorporating a few of the best practices mentioned in this article into your day to day routine.
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